Medical Definition – A muscle over resistant to stretch
Kinesiology Definition – A muscle in an overprotective state
Symptoms of Hypertonicity:
- Always restricted movement
- In most cases pain
- In most cases weakness
- Sometimes a catching as a limb is moved
- Sometimes, tight spots at a joint as limb is moved
Causes of Hypertonicity:
- Trauma – mild/severe may adopt a spastic or hypertonic state – could be physical or emotional.
- Overworking or Fatigue – Muscle begins to ache and pain is ignored.
- Posture – Shortening a muscle for an extended time, sitting for extended periods, habitual faulty posture
- Weak Antagonist – One side of a joint is for some reason weakened and looses tone. The opposing muscle tends to shorten (contract) to maintain equilibrium = hypertonicity.
What is Hypertonics?
A muscle becomes in an overprotective state because the resistance to stretch is limited to the normal range of motion. Hypertonics grew from Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation.
Neuromuscular: Nerves and muscles
Facilitation: The promoting – not inhibiting of a natural response
Which means developing hidden potential through neuromuscular education, re-education and therapeutic exercises.
Proprioceptors: Proprio = self + (per) caption, supply the central nervous system with information about position and movement.
A man by the name of Frank Mahony applied a muscle test that took muscles to their greatest elongation named proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. Mr Mahony was working with learning impaired children, this is where he made the mental leap that resulted in the birth of Hypertonics.
When the muscle is at its full range of movement and fails the test it is Hypertonic, meaning over resistant to stretch. The muscle becomes self-protective – over protective, because of the limiting of the normal range of motion.
Mr Mahony also understood there was an emotional involvement associated with the hidden traumas in overprotective state of the muscle and was able to help people release those emotions that were locked into the muscle.
He also showed that ‘breath holding’ inhibited the effectiveness of the process of resetting the spindle cell mechanism – that is why it is very important to exhale, breath out, while a correction is being done.
What is a Spindle Cell? It is located within the belly of a muscle. It gives information about the length of a muscle or its rate of contraction that is sent to the central nervous system. The information sent is essential for maintaining posture, muscle tone and movement.
Ken Leins trained with Frank Mahony and made his own unique refinements. Kens technique found that Hypertonics can often start very early in the range of motion. Dr Bruce and Joan Dewe from New Zealand reformatted and modified Ken Leins original Hypertonics cause for use in the Kinesiology Diploma Certificate program.
- Pain relief
- Co-Ordination – physical and mental activities
- Learning – Thought processes, writing organization, helps dyslexia
- Personal Growth – Creative personality changes, better energy balance and achieving goals
- Freedom of Movement
Everybody benefits from Hypertonics, anybody who is active and training, any one doing physical activities at work or home, people with bad posture habits or anyone emotionally storing and holding onto any traumas. Please call our clinic on 08 8941 0810 today and ask to book in an appointment with our Remedial Massage Therapists.